Elizabeth Hodson

Website: http://www.eahodson.net

Email: eahodson@googlemail.com

Click on a thumbnail image above to enlarge.

055, ink on paper, 25 x 25cms, 2010

0102, ink on paper, 21 x 29cms, 2014

Loftsmádropi, plaster and wire, 2015

026, collage, 21 x 29cms, 2009

071, ink on paper, 21 x 29cms, 2010

043, ink on paper, 25 x 25cms, 2010


The free surface of the epidermis is marked by a net-work of linear furrows of variable size, dividing the surface into a number of polygonal or lozenge-shaped areas. Some of these furrows are large, as opposite the flexures of the joints, and correspond to the folds in the corium produced by movements. In other situations, as upon the back of the hand, they are exceedingly fine, and intersect one another at various angles. Upon the palmar surfaces of the hands and fingers, and upon the soles of the feet, the epidermal ridges are very distinct, and are disposed in curves; they depend upon the large size and peculiar arrangements of the papillæ upon which the epidermis is placed. The function of these ridges is primarily to increase resistance between contact surfaces for the purpose of preventing slipping whether in walking or prehension. The direction of the ridges is at right angles with the force that tends to produce slipping or to the resultant of such forces when these forces vary in direction. In each individual the lines on the tips of the fingers and thumbs form distinct patterns unlike those of any other person. The deep surface of the epidermis is accurately moulded upon the papillary layer of the corium, the papillæ being covered by a basement membrane; so that when the epidermis is removed by maceration, it presents on its under surface a number of pits or depressions corresponding to the papillæ, and ridges corresponding to the intervals between them. Fine tubular prolongations are continued from this layer into the ducts of the sudoriferous and sebaceous glands.

Gray’s Anatomy (Integumentum Commune; Skin) 1918